Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a serious condition that affects the gums and the bones that support the teeth. It is caused by an excess of bacteria in the mouth, which can lead to inflammation and infection. If left untreated, gum disease can lead to tooth loss, as well as an increased risk of other health problems, such as heart disease and diabetes.
The signs of gum disease can include red, swollen or bleeding gums, bad breath, receding gums, loose teeth, and changes in the way teeth fit together when you bite. If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to see your dentist right away. Early treatment can help prevent the progression of the disease and preserve your oral health.
Preventing gum disease requires a combination of good oral hygiene and regular visits to your dentist. Brushing your teeth at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste and flossing daily can help remove plaque and bacteria from your mouth. Additionally, eating a balanced diet and avoiding tobacco use can help keep your gums healthy.
Regular dental checkups are also essential for preventing gum disease. During these appointments, your dentist can examine your gums for signs of disease, as well as provide you with personalized advice on how to maintain optimal oral health. By taking these steps, you can help protect your gums and preserve your overall health and wellbeing.