Aesthetics is the study of beauty, encompassing aspects from art, philosophy and social science. Studies using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) demonstrate that judgments of beautiful or pleasurable stimuli correlate with activation in medial orbitofrontal cortex and ventromedial prefrontal cortex regardless of stimulus modality.
Many photographers embrace a particular aesthetic and base their business around it. Aesthetic is what gives a photograph its visual charm beyond technical specifications alone.
1. The Golden Ratio
Beauty has long been associated with harmonious proportionality – whether that be Nefertiti’s breathtaking features or the Parthenon. Some believe that mathematical formula known as the golden ratio or “phi” provides the universal rule for aestheticism.
The golden ratio, more commonly referred to as the divine proportion, has long been studied by mathematicians such as Pythagoras, Euclid, Leonardo Da Vinci and other Renaissance artists. Its presence can be found everywhere from flower petals to opposing twists in pine cones.
It has long been recognized that the golden ratio creates a sense of equilibrium and harmony, hence its use in art and architecture for centuries. But can it also be used to determine facial attractiveness?
Although the golden ratio can help create visually pleasing buildings and paintings, its use for evaluating facial attractiveness has yet to be proved effective due to many other influences such as hormones and personal taste influencing our perceptions of what is beautiful. Still, using it can identify which areas require improvement and provide direction on how best to treat them.
2. The Ocean
The ocean has long been an inspiration to artists, with its vast expanses of water and variety of hues creating an overwhelming sense of awe and wonder. Photography enthusiasts also often utilize this incredible source of visual stimulation. Landscape photographers take advantage of its varied hues and textures when photographing marine subjects; landscape photographers make use of its beautiful colors and textures when photographing marine scenes; film makers often draw from it when creating stunning visuals and emotional scenes for films set against its background.
Recently, there has been an interesting shift in how ocean is perceived in modern culture. Instead of being seen as an inspiration and source of beauty, the ocean now more often serves as a symbol for humanity’s destructive tendencies and global warming. Many works from artists Allan Sekula and Edward Burtynsky highlight its role as a conveyor belt of commodities across global seas.
Hiroshi Sugimoto and Vija Celmins’ works depict the ocean surface as an all-white canvas that represents our uncertain future.
3. Islamic Art
Islamic art has always been associated with beauty. From intricate ceramic ewers to geometric carpet patterns, each Islamic work exudes its own special philosophy of beauty that encompasses an inner spiritual journey and transcendence of senses; creating artworks which produce cathartic reactions in viewers.
Islam bases its understanding of beauty on two fundamental aspects: Quranic verse and tradition (hadith), as well as two aspects that are central to its philosophy: physical form (dhahir), and inner essence (batin). While latter symbolizes eternal beauty while former emphasize man’s fleeting earthly existence.
Islamic art history was greatly shaped by their exposure to different cultures and civilizations, mixing old traditions with innovative new concepts to produce an inimitable style that defies categorization but can be found throughout Muslim communities around the globe. “Islamic art” today refers to an umbrella term covering various styles developed over time within Muslim nations that exhibit regional features.
4. Leonardo Di Caprio
Few actors have achieved such rapid and unparalleled success as Leonardo Di Caprio has. From appearing as a minor cast member on sitcoms such as Growing Pains and low budget horror films such as Critters 3, this young actor gained widespread acclaim as a teenage heartthrob before finding himself in Hollywood blockbusters directed by such luminaries as Martin Scorsese and Christopher Nolan.
In 2006, he made headlines for his powerful performances in Blood Diamond and The Departed, garnering critical acclaim in both. Additionally, he earned praise as his portrayal of real-life poets Arthur Rimbaud and Paul Verlaine for Before Sunrise was much celebrated – replacing River Phoenix who died before filming began.
Alejandro G. Inarritu’s long takes and epic landscapes enabled him to portray America’s harsh, unforgiving wilderness of 1820s in The Revenant starring Leonardo DiCaprio as fur trapper Hugh Glass in The Revenant, known for its jaw-dropping cinematography and intensely brutal scenes that serve as a testament to human endurance and survival. A visual feast, this was one of DiCaprio’s signature roles.
5. Angelina Jolie
Angelina Jolie is considered one of the world’s most stunning women. While much of her beauty can be credited to genetics, she works hard at maintaining it using products and makeup – sometimes seen wearing it herself! Rumors circulated that she would launch her own skincare line.
Jolie has received praise throughout her acting career for her performances in several small films, but her star power really blossomed when she made more dramatic flicks such as 1999’s ‘Girl Interrupted’ in which her role as an inpatient at a mental institution earned her Golden Globe, SAG, and Academy Award nominations.
Angelina Jolie has become well-known within the film industry for her humanitarian work in Cambodia. Through her foundation, many projects were funded that help alleviate poverty, protect the environment, and educate Cambodians. Angelina is known for being kind-hearted and generous – two qualities her fans adore her for. Often seen wearing an eye-catching metal chin cuff to further accentuate her overall beauty, it adds another pillar of attraction for Angelina fans.
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