Liposuction, also known as lipoplasty, is a surgical procedure that uses a suction technique to remove fat from specific areas of the body, such as the abdomen, hips, thighs, buttocks, arms or neck. Here’s a general step-by-step process:
- Anesthesia: The procedure begins with the administration of anesthesia. This could be local anesthesia for small areas, or general anesthesia if the procedure is more extensive.
- Incision: The surgeon makes small incisions in the area where fat is to be removed.
- Insertion of cannula: A thin, hollow tube (cannula) is inserted through these incisions. The cannula is used to loosen excess fat cells using a controlled back and forth movement.
- Suction of fat: The dislodged fat is then suctioned out of the body using a surgical vacuum or syringe attached to the cannula.
- Closing the incisions: Once the desired amount of fat has been removed, the surgeon closes the incisions. Sometimes, the incisions are left open to drain fluids.
- Recovery: After the procedure, you might need to wear tight compression garments, which help reduce swelling.
Remember, liposuction is not an overall weight-loss method nor a treatment for obesity. It does not remove cellulite, dimples, or stretch marks. It is meant to target stubborn areas of fat that do not respond to traditional weight-loss methods.
Liposuction should be performed by a trained and qualified plastic surgeon, and like any surgical procedure, it carries some risks, including infection, scarring, and other serious complications. Therefore, it’s important to discuss these risks with your healthcare provider before deciding on the procedure.