Tooth decay, also known as caries or cavities, is a condition that causes the breakdown of tooth enamel. It is caused by a combination of factors, including:

  • Bacteria: There are certain types of bacteria that live in the mouth. These bacteria feed on sugar and starches, and produce acids as a waste product. These acids can damage the tooth enamel.
  • Sugar and starches: Foods and drinks that contain sugar and starches provide food for the bacteria in the mouth. The more sugary and starchy foods you eat, the more likely you are to develop tooth decay.
  • Poor oral hygiene: If you do not brush your teeth and floss regularly, plaque can build up on your teeth. Plaque is a sticky film that contains bacteria. The bacteria in plaque can produce acids that damage the tooth enamel.
  • Dry mouth: Dry mouth can make it difficult to remove plaque from your teeth. This can increase your risk of tooth decay.
  • Certain medical conditions: Some medical conditions, such as diabetes, can increase your risk of tooth decay.
  • Genetics: Some people are more likely to develop tooth decay than others. This may be due to their genetics.

There are a few things you can do to prevent tooth decay:

  • Brush your teeth twice a day for two minutes each time. Be sure to brush all surfaces of your teeth, including the backs and the chewing surfaces.
  • Floss your teeth once a day. Flossing removes plaque from between your teeth, where brushing cannot reach.
  • See your dentist for regular checkups and cleanings. Your dentist can remove plaque and tartar buildup, and detect any early signs of tooth decay.
  • Limit your intake of sugary and starchy foods. If you do eat sugary foods, be sure to brush your teeth right afterwards.
  • Drink plenty of water. Water helps to wash away food particles and bacteria from your teeth.
  • Manage your medical conditions. If you have a medical condition that increases your risk of tooth decay, work with your doctor to manage the condition.

By following these tips, you can help to prevent tooth decay and keep your teeth healthy for a lifetime.

I hope this helps!